Filter systems and flue gas cleaning


There are two ways to filter the exhaust gas.

On the one hand there is the wet and dry washing technology and on the other hand the electrostatic filter technology.

For our systems we mainly use the dry washing technology.

For our dry washing technology we can offer ceramic filters and fabric filters.

We prefer ceramic filters for our furnaces up to 400 kg/h, as these have a very high filter efficiency on the one hand and a very long service life on the other.

Which of these both filter technologies is suitable is mainly a question of the amount of exhaust gas and the media itself.

The filter units are of modular design.

Several modules can thus form a filter system.

By default, these are made up of 1-2-3 and 4 modules and so on.

The design of a plant is based on its operating data.


For our dry-washing systems we additionally recommend to use a dry-scrubbing-solvent injection system.

These dry scrubbing systems are used to remove corrosive and toxic gases (for example SO2 and HCl) from the exhaust gas.

They are very effective with low investment and operating costs.

The temperature range for the dry-scrubbing solvent should be from 170°C up to 300°C.

In this range the dry-scrubbing solvent can transfer the contents.

Flue gas mixed with dry-scrubbing solvent create a layer on outside surface of the filter and accumulate during operation.

The dust layer causes a pressure drop and a differential pressure measurement indicate necessary cleaning steps.


At a certain differential pressure level the filter will be cleaned by pressure air with a reverse jet cleaning system which clean the filter by a jet impulse and the dust layer on the outside surface of the filter will fall down.

At the bottom of the filter the ash feed by a rotary valve to a big bag or ash container.

The insulation at the outside of filter body keeps it from corrosion, during shut down periods.

The dust inside is contaminated with sulpher and other components.

If the temperature falls below the dew point, corrosion could be happen.

Therfor a standstill heater is additionally recommended to protect the housing from corrosion.

This heater is only an option, because if it is necessary depends allways only on local conditions. 

The filter can easily removed when necessary.

It can be replaced by operation staff after training.





Please note that each system requires an individual configuration.
Therefore, examples cannot be used for planning purposes, but only serve as rough information.
We always calculate your system individually according to your specifications and requirements.

Filter systems and flue gas cleaning
6 Filter systems and flue gas cleaning.pdf (5.29MB)
Filter systems and flue gas cleaning
6 Filter systems and flue gas cleaning.pdf (5.29MB)


Mid-sized incineration plants as an example of a sustainable investment

Download the technical data sheets of the combustion furnace, the flue gas cooler and the filter system as PDF file
Example of a modern Mid-sized stationary combustion plant.pdf (248.48KB)


An example filter system for a first impression



Flue gas from combustion process

Please see our example of a combustion furnace


RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel) *

Mix of clinical waste, paper and fabric residues, polymers, other solid and sludgy waste fractions, like sewage sludge.

* only for sample

RDF quantity

400 kg/h


Flue gas from flue gas cooler

Please see also our example of a flue gas cooler


Volume flow flue gas inlet to flue gas cooler

15.215 Bm³/h **

** Bm³/h means "actual" (B) cubic metres (m³) per hour (h) @ operating pressure, temperature and humidity

Volume flow flue gas outlet from flue gas cooler

5.240 Bm³/h **


Exhaust gas outlet tempeature

200 °C


Flue gas and filter area



Total flue gas wet to filter

3019 Nm³/h ***

*** Nm³/h means cubic metres (m³) @ atmospheric pressure (1013,25 hPa) and a standard temperature (0 °C) per hour (h)

Humid exhaust gas operating volume flow

5240 Bm³/h **


Total filter area

131 m²


Filter elements diameter (outside)

60 mm


Filter elements circumference

0,188 m


Filter cartridge length

1000 mm

1250, 1500, 1750 max.

Filter area per piece

0,188 m²


Required number of filter elements

696


Installed number of filter elements

784

196 per module

Compressed air demand



Specific compressed air requirement

0,048 Nm³


Compressed air requirement

6,288 Nm³/h ***


Reference emissions



Particulate

< 3 mg/Nm³


HCl

< 10 mg/Nm³


SO2

< 50 mg/Nm³


HF

< 1 mg/Nm³


NOx

< 200 mg/Nm³


Heavy Metals

< 0,5 mg/Nm³


Dioxins

< 0,5 ng/Nm³


Subject to change.
Sample data only.
Changes to individual parameters can affect all values!

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